Black and Tan
Black and Tan is a cocktail made from equal parts English bitter (ale) and Irish stout, with the stout most commonly being Guinness.
The name is an allusion to the Black and Tans, soldiers sent to Ireland by the British government in the early 1920s to suppress Irish revolutionaries agitating for Irish independence.
The most common Black and Tan in the United States uses Guinness stout and Bass ale. The stout is "layered" on top of the ale, taking advantage of their differing densities. This is accomplished by first halfway filling the glass with ale, then adding the stout. The top layer is best poured slowly over an upside-down tablespoon placed over the glass to avoid splashing and mixing the layers.
Combining Guinness and Harp Lager (instead of Bass) results in a "Half and half." A "black and white" is a stout with any lager or ale.
A similar beverage using champagne as one of the mixers is the Black Velvet, which consists of half champagne and half stout. A "poor man's black velvet" subsitutes hard apple cider for the champagne. This variation is also called a "snakebite" by some.
Despite the use of what is arguably Ireland's national beer, the drink is relatively unknown in Ireland and an attempt to order it in a pub there would likely result in either teasing for adulterating the Guinness, or hostility due to the historical relevance of the name as the Black and Tans were the most hated of all the British forces in Ireland.
The Black Velvet cocktail, also known as a Bismarck , is a cocktail made from a stout beer (often Guinness) and a white, sparkling wine, traditionally champagne.
A black velvet is made by filling a tall flute glass halfway full of chilled stout and floating the sparkling wine on top of the stout, with the differing densities of the liquids allowing them to remain largely in separate layers (as in a pousse-café).
According to Brewer's Dictionary of Phrase and Fable, the black velvet was the favorite drink of Otto von Bismarck, who supposedly drank it by the gallon. In Germany , the cocktail often goes by his name.
Preparation: Whatever the top layer is, the effect is best achieved if it is poured over a spoon turned upside down over the top of the glass so that the liquid runs gently down the sides rather than splashing into the lower layer and mixing with it.
The origin on the drink is from Brook's Club, London , 1861, and was served as the nation mourned the death of Prince Albert , Queen Victoria 's Prince Consort.
Poor Man's Black Velvet
Apple cider or perry is sometimes used in place of the more expensive champagne, in which case the stout is floated on top of the cider or perry. This cocktail is known as a Poor man's black velvet.
A boilermaker, also known as a depth charge, is a cocktail consisting of a shot of whiskey, or vodka, and a glass of beer. The whiskey and beer are both typically, though not necessarily, of American production, with an inexpensive bourbon or a Tennessee Whiskey favored for the shot, and a mass-market American Pilsner (Miller, Budweiser, etc.) for the beer. Traditionally, the shot and the beer are served separately, although they may also be mixed beforehand by the preparer.
A shot of Tequila has been known to be used also for Boilermakers.
There are at least three techniques for consuming a boilermaker:
- First, the whiskey may be drunk at a go and chased immediately by the beer.
Second, the two may be mixed by pouring the shot into the beer--stirring is at the discretion of the drinker.
Last, the shot glass may be dropped into the beer from the surface just before drinking--this technique appears to be a comparatively recent innovation, and is also referred to as a depth charge in some circles.
Upon the shot glass striking the bottom of the mug, the carbonation in the beer begins to fizz violently, requiring the drinker to immediately consume the entire drink, either leaving the shot glass in the mug, or grasping it with the lips when setting down the mug.
The name Depth Charge is also occasionally applied to other concoctions that involve dropping a shot glass into a larger drink, as well as a number of more ordinary mixed drinks. One such is said to be popular among United States Naval personnel, particularly those associated with the submarine service. The experimenter is warned that the shot glass can pose a considerable danger to the front teeth.
Variations with whiskey and Guinness include the Irish car bomb and the Jimmy & Guinney. The Irish Car Bomb is made with a pint of Guinness, into which is dropped a shot glass filled half with Irish whiskey, and half with Irish Cream; the Jimmy & Guinney consists of a pint of Guinness and a double shot of Jameson in a whiskey snifter glass.
Bartending guides differ on the preferred technique, but all agree that speed is the essence of this drink: one aims to drink a boilermaker quickly, and get drunk just as quickly.
Lager and Lime
An English drink, most popular in hot weather. It is generally made by adding lime cordial, the most common brand being Rose's, to a pint glass and then topping up with lager.
Ordering a lager and lime without specifying the brand of lager will likely result in the cheapest lager being used, for example Carling Black Label, Foster's Lager or Carlsberg, rather than a more expensive brand such as Stella Artois or Kronenbourg.
The origins of the drink are unclear. One theory suggests that the combination was developed by 18th century sailors mixing together their rations of beer and lime cordial (the latter for its vitamin C content to protect against scurvy) in order to disguise the taste of either low-quality or spoiled beer.
A Lolita (named after the novel by Nabokov) is a cocktail made from a mixture of beer, fresh lemon juice (not lime!), a good shot of gin and ice cubes. It is a very refreshing long drink invented in France by sailors in the early 1980's.
A Radler is an alcoholic beverage consisting of equal parts of lager beer and lemonade. In Northern Germany , it is also known as an Alster (short for "Alsterwasser") or Potsdamer. In German, or at least its Bavarian dialect, Radler literally means cyclist. It is also quite common in Austria .
In the German state of Bavaria , a mix of Weißbier (wheat beer) and lemonade is called a Russ. Weißbier mixed with cola is called a "Neger," the German word for Negro.
Similar cocktails of beer and lemonade are known in England as a shandy and in France a panaché.
A New Zealand brewery Monteith's brew a beer called Radler. It has a distinct lemon and lime flavour to it, which makes it easy to drink for those who don't like the bitterness of beer, and often considered more thirst quenching than the average beer.
History: Radler was invented by the Munich gastronomer Franz Xaver Kugler when in September 1922 approximately 13,000 cyclists visited his tavern. On this particular day his beer started to run out, so he mixed the remaining beer with lemonade and pretended he created the Radler especially for the cyclists so that they could drive home without the risk of falling off their bicycles. During the summer months, Radler is still very popular in Bavaria and the rest of Germany , due to its reputation of being a thirst-quencher.
A shandy (shortened form of shandygaff) is a cocktail made from a mixture of beer (often ale) and a non-alcoholic beverage. The non-alcoholic beverage is usually sparkling lemonade in Europe and ginger ale in the Caribbean . The proportions of the two ingredients are adjusted to taste, normally half-and-half, although shandy sold in tins is typically much weaker, around 1 part beer to 10 parts lemonade.
A variant on this is the "lager top" in which a small measure of lemonade is added to a pint or half-pint of lager. In some areas, tomato juice is mixed with beer as a cocktail.
In Bavaria , a mix of helles Bier (lager) and lemonade is called a Radler (the German word for bicyclist), as opposed to a mix of Weißbier (wheat beer) and lemonade, which is called a Russ, short for Russian.
Often a non-alcoholic beer is used, so that the drink has no significant alcohol content and is therefore popular among children.
In Ireland a half and half of fizzy orange and lemon (no alcohol) is quite popular and commonly referred to as Rock Shandy. The Cantral & Cochran Group also market an Orange and Lemon drink under the brand Club Rock Shandy and according to brand information on their website the origin of the name is from Blackrock swimming club. They also previously marketed a shandy drink called Club Shandy which contained 0.5% alcohol but this has not been available since the mid 90's.
The Potsdamer is a popular shandy drink in Berlin and other eastern parts of Germany , made with light-colored beer and flavored soda. The soda (German: Limonade or Brause) used in a Potsdamer comes in two standard varieties: one green with a Woodruff flavor (German: Waldmeister); the other red, with a raspberry flavor. The ratio of beer to soda is 1:1. To follow custom and control the size of the head, one should fill a .5 L glass halfway with the soda first, and then pour the beer.
In Southern Africa a popular variation is the Malawi Shandy, it's made from half lemonade, half gingerale, and a few dashes of Angstoura bitters.
A more potent variation on shandy, known as Turbo Shandy is made from mixing lager with Smirnoff Ice or similar lemonade style alcopop and (sometimes) one shot of vodka.
In England a popular insult is to call someone a "shandy drinker" meaning they cannot hold their alcohol and so have to drink shandy so that they do not get intoxicated too soon.
Other names for shandy
Northern Germany : Alsterwasser, Potsdamer, made with clear lemonade
Germany ( Bavaria ) : Radler ("bicyclist"), made with yellow coloured lemonade
Germany ( Bavaria ) : Russ (a shandy using Weissbier instead of lager)
France , Switzerland : panaché
Spain (with carbonated lemonade, either lemon-flavored or not - gaseosa): Clara con Limon
Chile : Fan-schop, a mixture of beer with Fanta. clara ("clear")
Basque Country : lejía ("bleach").
Slovenia : Diesel, mixture of lager and Cockta or other cola based beverage. The mixing of these two drink produces a Diesel -like coloration, which explains the name of the drink.
Snakebite is a cocktail made from beer (lager, ale, or stout) and cider (the alcoholic drink known as hard cider in the US ); and is one of several similar "half and half" drinks combining several types of beer and/or cider.
The basic snakebite is a mixture of equal parts of lager and cider (or alternatively a one third-two third mix) typically served in pint or half-pint servings. Though it is often served mixed, some variants are more typically served as a "float", with the beer and cider poured in separate layers (the cider invariably on the bottom).
In the snakebite and black (also known as snakebite, black, Purple nasty, Snakey B or diesel) variation, a shot of blackcurrant cordial (or crème de cassis) is added before mixing in the beer and cider. Alternative variations can be made by using Benedictine or green Chartreuse liqueurs instead of the crème de cassis, while students may favour the cheaper blackcurrant squash.
There is a far more potent version of snakebite known by many names (such as deadly snakebite, hard snakebite, or super snakebite). This is made by combining a super lager with an ABV of at least 8% (usually Special Brew or Tennent's Super) with a cheap cider such as White Lightning. The resulting concoction will get the drinker very drunk very quickly, but also has a very strong taste and if drunk with any regularity, will combine the powers of super lager with those of cheap cider: at the very least, the hangover the following morning will be extremely unpleasant. Other variations involve adding a shot of a spirit to the mix (mostly vodka).
The name snakebite is also applied by some to the poor man's black velvet - Guinness stout and cider. With or without blackcurrent cordial, this version of snakebite or snakebite and black is stereotypically associated with several post-punk subcultures, most notably Goth.
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