New England cuisine is a type of American cuisine found in New England, the northeastern region of the United States . New England cooking is characterized by extensive use of seafood and dairy products, which results from its historical reliance on its seaports and fishing industry, as well as extensive dairy farming in states like Vermont . Two outstandingly characteristic ingredients native to New England are maple syrup and cranberries. Well into the 19th century, molasses from the Caribbean and honey were staple sweeteners for all but the upper class. The Mediterranean herbs are not hardy in much of New England away from the coast: parsley and sage are New England herbs, with a few Caribbean additions like nutmeg. The starch is potato. The favored cooking techniques are stewing and baking.
Maine is known for its lobster, once a poor man's supper; Vermont is known for its cheddar cheese and maple syrup; coastal Massachusetts is known for its clams, cod (formerly), haddock, and cranberries, while apples are grown in the state's interior (Johnny Appleseed heralded from this commonwealth). Rhode Island is known for quahog clams, johnny cakes, coffee milk, and pizza strips. New Haven , Connecticut is known for its apizza -- particularly a white clam pie -- and for its claim as the birthplace of the hamburger sandwich.
New England is also known for many of its fine, local lagers and ales, the most famous of which is Samuel Adams of the Boston Beer Company in Boston, Massachusetts, even though the recipe for the beer does not come from New England.
Even today, traditional cuisine remains a strong part of New England 's identity. Some of its plates are now enjoyed by the entire United States, including clam chowder, baked beans, and homemade ice cream. In the past two centuries, New England cooking was strongly influenced and transformed by Irish Americans, the Portuguese fishermen of coastal New England , and Italian Americans.
Currently, the oldest operating restaurant in the United States , the Union Oyster House, is located in Boston , Massachusetts .
Typical New England foods
- Various types of seafood (often fried, baked, broiled, or boiled):
- Cod, halibut, schrod
- Lobster, scallops
- Clams, quahogs, mussels, steamers
- Apple cider, hot apple cider
- Boston baked beans
- Boston creme doughnuts and other pastries
- Brown bread
- Chowder, or more specifically, New England clam chowder
- Cranberry juice and cranberry bread
- Frappes, or Cabinets in Rhode Island (see milkshakes)
- Fried clams
- Hasty pudding
- Ice creams from local dairies as well as companies like Ben & Jerry's
- Johnny cakes
- Lobster roll
- New England boiled dinner - corned beef and cabbage, reflecting the Irish heritage of the Boston area.
- New England clam bake
Famous New England food and drink companies
- Ben & Jerry's of South Burlington , Vermont
- Boston Beer Company, maker of Samuel Adams, of Boston , Massachusetts
- Dunkin' Donuts of Quincy , Massachusetts
- Foxon Park soda of East Haven , Connecticut
- Friendly's of Wilbraham , Massachusetts
- HP Hood Milk of Charlestown , Massachusetts
- Legal Sea Foods, originally of Cambridge , Massachusetts
- Union Oyster House, of Boston , Massachusetts
- Moxie, of Farmington , Maine , the official soft drink of Maine
- Necco Wafers of Boston , Massachusetts